751.30 Open Concrete End Bents

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751.30.1 Details

751.30.1.1 Stub Bents (Non-Integral)

Image:751.30 stub bents (non-integral) section thru bent with columns and footings.gif Image:751.30 stub bents (non-integral) elevation of bent with columns and footings.gif
Section Near
Centerline Bent
Elevation
 
Image:751.30 circled 1.gif Use one more column than would be required for a normal bent, except column spacing should not be less than about 12'-0".
Image:751.30 circled 2.gif Use 2'-0" as a minimum except for bents with deep backwalls (High plate girders) in which case the minimum should be 2'-6".
 
Image:751.30 stub bents (non-integral) section thru bent with footings.gif Image:751.30 stub bents (non-integral) elevation of bent with footings.gif
Section Near
Centerline Bent
Elevation
 
Image:751.30 stub bents (non-integral) section thru bent1.gif Image:751.30 stub bents (non-integral) elevation of bent.gif
Section Near
Centerline Bent
Elevation
 
Image:751.30 stub bents (non-integral) alternate for long footings.gif
Alternate for Long Footings


Image:751.30 stub bents (non-integral) stub bent embedded in rock part elevation.gif Image:751.30 stub bents (non-integral) stub bent embedded in rock section a-a 1a.gif Image:751.30 stub bents (non-integral) stub bent embedded in rock section a-a 2.gif
Part ElevationSection A-ASection A-A
Stub Bent Embedded in Rock


Image:751.30 stub bents (non-integral) stub bent on long footings part elevation.gif Image:751.30 stub bents (non-integral) stub bent on long footings section b-b.gif
Part ElevationSection B-B
Stib Bent on Long Footings
(*) Use additional #4 hairpin bars under bearings with 6" maximum spacing of combined stirrups and hairpins.
(These additional #4 bars are not required for prestress double-tee girder structures.)
 Image:751.30 -4 hairpin bar.gif
 #4 Hairpin Bar

751.30.1.2 Stub Bents (Sliding Integral)

Stub Bent (Sliding Integral) Abutments should not be used without consulting with the Structural Project Manager.

Generally pile supported integral abutments are desirable and coring to achieve 10 feet unsupported length from the bottom of the abutment beam to rock should be investigated. Eight feet unsupported length would be acceptable for short bridges. Cost comparison should be performed to compare the use of a Stub Bent Integral Abutment with the use of oversized drilled holes and pile supported Integral Abutment.

The Stub Bent Integral Abutment is a stiffer abutment than a pile supported integral abutment and the following issues should be considered:

  1. If a bridge has both a stub bent integral abutment and a pile supported integral abutment, it is unlikely that thermal movement will equally be divided by the two end bents. The pile supported integral end bent would be expected to experience more than half of the bridge thermal movement. (If bridge grade slopes down toward the pile end bent, then the pile integral end bent may experience most all of the thermal movement.)
  2. Maximum slope of bridge should be 5%; however, smaller slope is desirable.
  3. Maximum bridge skew of 30 degrees.
  4. Avoid using for curved structures where curvature effects must be considered.
  5. The length of the wingwalls may distort movement of the abutment. The wingwalls may both prevent movement if they are long or one wingwall may distort movement if the bridge is skewed. Stub Bent Integral Abutments should not be used with long wingwalls.
  6. Minimize the abutment beam height.
  7. Two polyethylene sheets (4 mil) between the bottom of the abutment beam and top of the footing are preferred to roofing felt.
  8. Provide an earth bench near superstructure to minimize abutment depth and wingwall length.


Image:751.30 stub bents (sliding integral) on rock-section at centerline of elevation 1.gif Image:751.30 stub bents (sliding integral) on rock-elevation 1.gif
Section at Centerline BentElevation 1
 
Image:751.30 stub bents (sliding integral) on rock-section at centerline of elevation 2.gif Image:751.30 stub bents (sliding integral) on rock-elevation 2.gif
Section at Centerline BentElevation 2
(Seismic Detail) 
 
Bent without Seismic Details
Image:751.30 stub bents (sliding integral) stub bent on rock-no seismic details.gif
Stub Bent on Rock
 
Bent including Seismic Details
Image:751.30 stub bents (sliding integral) stub bent on rock-seismic details.gif
Stub Bent on Rock
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