821.20 Woody Plant Control

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Definition: The control of undesirable trees, shrubs, sprouts and tree limbs. Also referred to as brush control.

Why:

1. Reduces need for frequent mechanical removal

2. Efficient way to control spread of undesirable woody plants

Primary Targets:

1. Cut stump – sprout regrowth

2. Areas containing invasive woody growth

3. Areas where woody vegetation is creating a sight distance hazard

4. Highway sign clearance

5. Clear zone – same definition as vegetation policy

6. Side trimming to reduce shading

Methods:

A. Calibration

Most products applied with handgun or backpack sprayer (see EPG 821.11 for calibration of hand sprayers)

B. Recommended products and rates

Table 821.20.1 Recommended Products and Rates for Mowed Areas

Herbicide Broadcast RateHandgun Rate Comments
Vastlan or equivalent 2 qt. per acre2 qt. per 100 gallonsSpray to wet.
Bark Oil-Ready to useUsed as a basal stem treatment, bottom 12 in. of trunk
Escort (requires continuous agitation)-1.5 oz. per 100 gallons 2 oz.per 100 gallons for cedars. Spray to wet.


Table 821.20.2 Recommended Products and Rates for Areas Not Mowed

Herbicide Broadcast RateHandgun Rate Comments
Bark Oil-Ready to useUsed as a basal stem treatment, bottom 12 in. of trunk
Krenite S-2 gallons per 100 gallons and 4 oz. sodium gluconate Used at 100 to 300 psi. Dormant oil can be added for improved results.


Table 821.20.3 Recommended Products and Rates for Cut Stumps or Surface Treatment

Herbicide Broadcast RateHandgun Rate Comments
Bark Oil-Ready to useUsed as a basal stem treatment, bottom 12 in. of trunk


C. P.P.E.

Follow manufacturer’s label recommendations

D. When to apply

a. Krenite should be applied from mid through late summer (before fall color change)
b. Other foliar applied chemicals can be applied throughout the growing season however high temperatures and drought can reduce effectiveness
c. Basal bark applications can be effectively applied as a dormant season treatment
d. Cut stump treatments need to be applied shortly after cuts are made (within 15 to 30 minutes) to be most effective and only to the outer edge of the cut surface on larger stumps
e. Bark oil is a combination of mineral oil, Milestone, Garlon 4E and Stalker

Special Recommendations:

Do not mow vegetation treated with Krenite for one year after application
Do not mow vegetation treated with Krenite for one year after application

A. Read the label

B. Location Concern

a. No applications over rivers, streams, or ponds
b. Avoid treatments near desirable woody vegetation
c. Avoid treatments near crops
d. Do not mow or trim vegetation treated with Krenite for one year after application

C. Weather

a. Since applications sometimes are made up into tall vegetation, spraying during very low wind conditions is essential
b. High temperatures and drought conditions can lessen effectiveness
c. 2,4-D products are not to be applied in temperatures above 70°

D. Clean-up and Disposal

a. Follow label recommendations for disposal of unused product
b. Escort requires constant agitation; no mixed product should be left in the tank

E. Mode of Action

a. Systemic herbicides (2,4-D) are absorbed through leaf tissue and translocated through the plant
b. Non-systemic herbicides (Krenite) control the vegetation only where applied
c. Basal bark treatments are absorbed through the bark. They are only effective on thin barked, mostly young trees
d. Cut stump treatments are carried through the exposed vascular system into the roots
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