18.104.22.168 TM-28, Determination of Potash in Fertilizer
This method determines the percent of potash in fertilizers by atomic absorption spectrophotometry.
22.214.171.124.1 Reagents and Apparatus
a) Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer conforming to the specifications set forth in ASTM C114.
b) Potassium Chloride - KCl, Reagent Grade, dried at 105-110°C for several hours prior to use.
c) Lanthanum Oxide – La203, Reagent Grade.
d) Hydrochloric Acid - HCl, Sp. Gr. 1.19.
126.96.36.199.2 Preparation of Standard Solutions
Lanthanum stock solution: Weigh 23.46 g of La203 into a 600 ml beaker and add 400 ml H2O. While stirring add 40 ml HCl. Warm and stir on a magnetic stirrer until solution is complete. Cool to room temperature, filter into a 1000 ml volumetric flask, and dilute to volume.
KCl standard solution: Weigh 2.5000 g KCl into a 250 ml volumetric flask. Add approximately 150 ml H2O and boil for 30 minutes. Cool and dilute to volume. Pipette 50 ml of this solution into a 500 ml volumetric flask, add 50.00 ml of the Lanthanum stock solution, and dilute to volume. This solution is 63.18% K20.
Blank solution: Pipette 50 ml of the Lanthanum stock solution into a 500 ml volumetric flask and dilute to volume. This solution is used to set the zero point on the instrument.
Weigh 2.4900 to 2.5000 g of the sample into a 250 ml volumetric flask, add approximately 150 ml H2O and boil 30 minutes. Cool to room temperature, dilute to volume, and let stand approximately 3 hours. Transfer a 10.00 ml aliquot to a 100 ml volumetric flask, add 10.00 ml of the Lanthanum stock solution and dilute to volume.
Calibrate the instrument using the Blank solution and the KCl standard solution, then determine the concentration of the sample solution.
The method of calculating the % K20 will vary according to the make and model of instrument used.
Report the results, to the nearest 0.1%, as follows: % Potash (K20).