751.32 Concrete Pile Cap Intermediate Bents

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751.32.1 General

751.32.1.1 Material Properties

Typically, shall consist of:
  Class B Concrete (Substructure) = 3.0 ksi
    = 10

In addition, Class B-1 Concrete (Substructure) may also be used in special cases (See Project Manager). The following equations shall apply to both concrete classes:

Concrete modulus of elasticity:


= unit weight of non-reinforced concrete = 0.145 kcf
= correction factor for source of aggregate = 1.0

Modulus of Rupture: For minimum reinforcement,
  For all other calculations,
 is in units of ksi    

Reinforcing Steel

Minimum yield strength, = 60.0 ksi
Steel modulus of elasticity, = 29000 ksi

751.32.2 Design

751.32.2.1 Limit States and Factors

In general, each component shall satisfy the following equation:


= Total factored force effect
= Force effect
= Load modifier
= Load factor
= Resistance factor
= Nominal resistance
= Factored resistance

Limit States

The following limit states shall be considered for bent design:


See LRFD Table 3.4.1-1 and LRFD 3.4.2 for Loads and Load Factors applied at each given limit state.

Resistance factors

STRENGTH limit states, see LRFD
For all other limit states, = 1.00

Load Modifiers

751.32.3 Details

751.32.3.1 General

751.32 details-part elevation.gif 751.32 details-part section.gif
Part Elevation Part Section
751.32 circled 1.gif Use 2'-6" minimum or as determined by the superstructure requirements or the minimum support length required for earthquake criteria (expansion joint bents only) (3" increments).
751.32 circled 2.gif = 2'-9" (Min.) for Wide Flange and Double-Tee Girders or,
   3'-0" (Min.) for Prestressed Girders and Plate Girders.
751.32 circled 3.gif Check the clearance of the anchor bolt well to the top of pile. Increase the beam depth if needed.
751.32 circled 4.gif If the depth at the end of the beam, due to the steps, exceeds 4~6", the beam bottom should be stepped or sloped.

751.32.3.2 Front Sheet

Note: The following are details and dimensions for the Plan View on the Front Sheets.
  Details for unsymmetrical roadways will require dimensions tying Centerline Lane to Centerline Structure.

751.32 details-front sheet plan of int bent.gif

751.32.4 Reinforcement

751.32.4.1 General

751.32 reinforcement-part elevation.gif 751.32 reinforcement-section thru beam.gif
Part Elevation Section Thru Beam
751.32 reinforcement-part plan.gif  
Part Plan  
Note: Locate #4 bars "751.32 reinforcement--4 bar under bearing.gif" under bearings where required to maintain a 6" maximum spacing of combined stirrups. (#4 bars "751.32 reinforcement--4 bar under bearing.gif" are not required for Double-Tee Structures.)
  When an expansion device is used at an intermediate bent, all reinforcement located entirely within the beam or extending into the beam shall be epoxy coated.

751.32 reinforcement under bearings-part elevation.gif 751.32 reinforcement under bearings-part plan.gif
* #4 Bars (751.32 reinforcement--4 bar under bearing.gif) not required for Double-Tee structures
Reinforcement Under Bearings
751.32 transverse beam steps.gif
Transverse Beam Steps - Over 3"
(also, Steps Accumulating Over 3")

751.32 reinforcement at end of beam-part plan.gif
Part Plan
751.32 reinforcement-longitudinal beam steps.gif
Over 3" thru 12" Over 12"
Longitudinal Beam Steps